Property Prokaryotic Bacterial Cells Eukaryotic Human Cells
DNA within a nuclear membrane No Yes
Number of chromosomes 1 More than 1
Mechanism of Replication Binary Fission Mitosis
Presence of organelles, e.g. Golgi, mitochondria, lysosomes, endoplasmic reticulum No Yes
Size of Ribosome 70S 80S
Site of respiratory electron transport Cytoplasmic membrane Mitochondria
Cell wall containing peptidoglycan Yes (except Mycoplasma) No
Cell membrane containing sterols No (except Mycoplasma) Yes